2013 Jan. 25: AK North Pole: PM 2.5 Wood Smoke News from blog cleanairfairbanks.wordpress.com

Fortress Spreadsheet North Pole Fire 2012 Oct-Dec, graph only

The North Pole Fire Station monitor is located on the west side of the North Pole Fire Station #3 [Bing Map: 3288 Hurst Road, North Pole, Alaska 99705], run by the FNSB North Star Volunteer Fire Department. The North Pole Fire Station monitor recorded the following:

  • 48 days from October 1 to December 31 exceeded the health-based EPA PM 2.5 standard of 35 micrograms/cubic meter (µg/m3).
  • 101.3 µg/m3 was the average exceedance concentration.
  • 68% of the days from October 23 to the end of the year exceeded the standard (48 of 70 days)
  • 184 µg/m3 was the highest daily average recorded.
  • 353 µg/m3, an hourly reading, was recorded Thursday, December 20, 2012 at 1 am. Two higher hourly outliers were not graphed: 580 and 516. Clean Air Fairbanks excluded these because they seem too high to believe; however, they may be accurate.
  • 59.9 µg/m3 was the average for the three-month period, Oct 1 to Dec 31, 2012.

The colors in the graph are based on EPA’s newly revised Air Quality Index.

>>Link EPA Revises Air Quality Index for Fine Particle Pollution

If you’d like a copy of the Excel datasheet used to make the graph, request it from <cleanairfairbanks@gmail.com>. Please refer to the name of this post.

Posted in Air Sampling ResultsFNSB Air Quality ProgramGraphs & Tables | Tagged , | Leave a Comment »

[UPDATE: The Assembly approved Ordinance 2013-07, 7-0 to repeal open burning rules without amendment on 1-24-2013.]

Have you given up on the Borough? Are you counting on Alaska DEC to quickly revise its open burning regulations so they can step in to protect public health? The News-Miner editorial board is there already: More fallout: Proposition may have killed winter burn ban 1-24-2013.

Get Real, Face Facts

What are the chances of DEC doing anything quickly? DEC doesn’t even have the statutory authority to issue citations or tickets. Even with the flagrantly polluting Woodriver OWBs, DEC waited 4 full years before finally taking the violators to court.

If Assembly members want to preserve some semblance of concern for public health and safety, simply define “fuel”. This worst-polluted winter is not the time to rush through a repeal of Borough Chapter 8.04, the entire open burning code, as does line 32 of Ordinance 2013-07.


Help the Assembly make a better choice tonight, January 24 at 6 pm (agenda).

What’s the Problem?

Mayor Luke Hopkins claims Prop 3 “conflicts” with the open burning code and is “no longer valid and enforceable.” Mayor Hopkins is all in: “I urge your approval of this ordinance.” (Ordinance 2013-07)

How can this be? Proposition 3 (full text), passed by voters Oct 2, 2012, includes no definition of the word “fuel”. There was no discussion of its possible effect on open burning rules. There’s no evidence that Prop 3 sponsors had any intention of causing any effect on open burning rules. Prop 3 was even titled the “Citizens (sic) Home Heating Initiative” because, it was about, well, heating.

Ask the Prop 3 sponsors yourself: (State Representative) Tammie Wilson at 590-7602, Maria Rensel at 455-7008/590-4164, and Tim Sovde at 458-8196.

Tonight is the time for the Assembly to define “fuel”

Current Borough code doesn’t. Alaska DEC regulations don’t. This is an easy fix and a safe, reasonable way to save the open burning code. Assembly members need to add a definition of “fuel” in the open burning section, Borough Chapter 8.04 and, for good measure, in the PM 2.5 section, Borough Chapter 8.21. Here’s one they could use:

Merriam-Webster definition of fuel: fu·el  nounoften attributive \fyü(-ə)l\

1. a: a material used to produce heat or power by burning

Does Prop 3 Prevent Regulation of Open Burning?

Proposition 3 states that the Borough is prohibited from restrictions or fines associated with heating appliances “or any type of combustible fuel.”

Question: Is the material burned during open burning “fuel”?
Answer: No, and certainly not in the way Prop 3 intended. Open burning is disposing of waste in our air. It is not heating. Therefore, while what is dumped in a burn barrel or burn pile may be combustible, it is not used for heating, so cannot be fuel. In no way does Prop 3 dictate that open burning code dating back to 1986 (or even earlier) be killed.

Who knows, maybe a future mayor will take an interest in health and safety and actually enforce the code.

Assembly Vote, Assembly Choice

For those who may be tempted to allow the repeal of our open burn rules as a way to lay blame at the feet of the Prop 3 sponsors — State Representative Tammie Wilson, Maria Rensel, Tim Sovde and others — you’re not using your noggin’. Do you think Prop 3 sponsors care about your health or public health in general? They’ll say, sounding shocked, “Don’t blame us. That was not our intent.” True, but don’t expect them to take a stand against repealing the open burning rules. The Mayor erred in recommending this ill-conceived, unnecessary, injurious proposal to the Assembly. But only the Assembly has the final say. Lay full responsibility at the feet of your Assembly. It’s their vote, their choice.

Other terms defined in Borough Chapter 8.04. All are repealed byOrdinance 2013-07.

Construction n debris” means any waste or unused material resulting from the building, remodeling, construction, addition to or repair of a structure, including but not limited to wood, plastics, rubber, vinyl, insulation, carpet, or metal.

Garbage” means any putrescible solid or semisolid animal or vegetable wastes resulting from the production, handling, preparation, cooking, serving or consumption of food or food materials.

Open burning” means the burning of a material which results in the products of combustion being emitted directly into the air without passing through a stack or flare.

Putrescible garbage” means a material that can decompose and cause obnoxious odors.

Refuse” means any putrescible or nonputrescible solid waste, except human excreta.

Smolder” means to burn and smoke without flame.

Untreated wood” means wood that has been modified from its natural condition only by cutting, breaking, drying or absorption of moisture. Wood or wood fiber that has been painted or artificially impregnated with volatile chemicals does not constitute untreated wood.

Posted in 2012 – Proposition 3Local Air Quality OrdinanceTake Action for Clean Air | Tagged , | Leave a Comment »

AQI chart for PM 2.5 pollution, effective 2013 - crop

In December 2012, EPA finalized a little-noticed change in what is “GOOD” air.

EPA lowered the upper end of the range for the “GOOD” AQI category by setting it at the level of the revised annual PM 2.5 standard (12.0μg/m3). This revision is final and takes effect nationwide March 18, 2013.

Download revised AQI PM 2.5 chart with sources:

PDF: EPA’s Air Quality Index for 24-hour Fine Particle Pollution, 2013
JPG: EPA’s Air Quality Index for 24-hour Fine Particle Pollution, 2013

Download revised AQI PM 2.5 chart without sources (cropped):

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